What is Onycholysis and what causes it?
Onycholysis, the separation of the nail plate from the nail bed, can be a painful condition. It is caused by the nail bed responding to an irritation an allergen or mechanical damage by creating keratinous structures and cornifying nail bed epithelium. This separates the nail from the nail bed, forming a cavity where infectious micro-organisms can quickly grow, preventing this new cornified layer from healing, and causing the Onycholysis to persist.
This condition can be caused by a number of different issues including mechanical factors, infections, fungal infections, allergies, excessive temperatures such as ‘heat spike‘, improper structure of artificial enhancements and or improper manicure techniques.
It can be successfully treated if the irritant is eliminated and any infection is cured.
Who does it affect?
How can nail technicians help?
Severe cases must be referred to a doctor, especially if signs of onychomycosis or inflammation are visible.
Nails should be kept short, clean and dry and no product should be applied. If a fungal infection is suspected it can only be confirmed by a dermatologist after testing. If an allergy is suspected, all products must be removed from all nails and the client should be allergy tested to discover exactly which ingredient is the cause